Writing Your First Bootloader for Better Analyses

From time to time we might observe special Malware storing themselves into a MBR and run during the booting process. Attackers could use this neat technique to infect and to mess-up your disk and eventually asking for a ransom before restoring original disk-configurations (Petya was just one of the most infamous boot-ransomware). But this is […]

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University, Professional Certification or Direct Experience ?

Today I’d like to share a simple and personal thought about teaching models on cybersecurity. Quite often students ask me how to improve their technical skills and the most common question is: “would it be better an university course a professional certification or getting directly on the field working in a Cybersecurity company ?”. The […]

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Scraping the TOR for rare contents

Scraping the “TOR hidden world” is a quite complex topic. First of all you need an exceptional computational power (RAM mostly) for letting multiple runners grab web-pages, extracting new links and re-run the scraping-code against the just extracted links. Plus a queue manager system to manage scrapers conflicts and a database to store scraped data […]

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Similarities and differences between MuddyWater and APT34

Many state sponsored groups have been identified over time, many of them have different names (since discovered by different organizations) and there is no an agreed standardization on the topic but many victims and some interests look very tight together. From here the idea to compare the leaked source code of two different state sponsored […]

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From Targeted Attack to Untargeted Attack

Today I’d like to share an interesting and heavily obfuscated Malware which made me thinking about the meaning of “Targeting Attack”. Nowadays a Targeted Attack is mostly used to address state assets or business areas. For example a targeted attack might address Naval industry (MartyMcFly example is definitely a great example) or USA companies (Botnet […]

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